Sophie Alexina Victoire Matisse is an American contemporary artist. She began studies in 1985 at the Massachusetts College of Art and Design in Boston, but she dropped out after her first year. In 1990, she relocated to Paris and attended the École des Beaux Arts, the same institution where her great-grandfather Henri Matisse had studied.
Matisse initially gained notoriety for her series of Missing Person paintings, in which she appropriated and embellished upon, or subtracted from, recognizable works from art history. She had her first solo exhibition in January 2002 at the Francis Naumann Fine Art gallery. She now lives and works in New York City.