Magritte was a painter, draftsman, printmaker, sculptor, photographer, and filmmaker. He was one of the major figures of Surrealism and perhaps the greatest Belgian artist of the 20th century. Just as Magritte was achieving success and recognition, World War II broke out. Although he continues to develop his signature style, he also increasingly deployed a bright, impressionistic palette as a subversive response to the bleakness of the war. By the end of his life, he enjoyed great success, and there were six major retrospectives of his œuvre in the 1960s alone.