As a child, Rebeyrolle had tuberculosis of the bone which caused for long periods of immobility. He later studied in Limoges and joined the French Communist Party until he ultimately broke with the party because of events related to the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. His art often depicted landscapes marked by violence and rage, received praise from François Pinault, Jean-Paul Sartre, and many others. Rebeyrolle constantly asked questions concerning the place of man in society as well as man in nature and as a lover of the earth this commentary influenced much of his work. He felt the need to take a moment of calm in order to paint the beauty of nature. Throughout his career he continually experimented in his work, mixing drawing materials and items in nature, and his mastery of the technique and of compositions drove him to be even more demanding in his pursuit to be as accurate as possible. Today his works constitute a manifesto, an ode to the path of a committed painter, witness, and critic of his time.